COVID-19 and Foreign Aid: Nationalism and Global Development in a New World Order


COVID-19 and Foreign Aid: Nationalism and Global Development in a New World Order

Here are the details of my latest book project:

For book details, click here.

For my chapter details, click here.

Book Description

This book provides a timely, critical, and thought-provoking analysis of the implications of the disruption of COVID-19 to the foreign aid and development system, and the extent to which the system is retaining a level of relevance, legitimacy, or coherence.

Drawing on the expertise of key scholars from around the world in the fields of international development, political science, socioeconomics, history, and international relations, the book explores the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on development aid within an environment of shifting national and regional priorities and interactions. The response is specifically focused on the interrelated themes of political analysis and soft power, the legitimation crisis, poverty, inequality, foreign aid, and the disruption and re-making of the world order. The book argues that complex and multidirectional linkages between politics, economics, society, and the environment are driving changes in the extant development aid system. COVID-19 and Foreign Aid provides a range of critical reflections to shifts in the world order, the rise of nationalism, the strange non-death of neoliberalism, shifts in globalisation, and the evolving impact of COVID as a cross-cutting crisis in the development aid system.

This book will be of interest to researchers and students in the field of health and development studies, decision-makers at government level as well as to those working in or consulting to international aid institutions, regional and bilateral aid agencies, and non-governmental organisations.

Table of Contents

  1. Towards a post-COVID world order: A critical analysis
  2. Viktor Jakupec, Max Kelly, and Michael de Percy

  3. International multilateralism in a non-hegemonic world
  4. Andrey Kortunov

  5. COVID-19 and the decline of the neoliberal paradigm: On the erosion of hegemony in times of crises
  6. Tobias Debiel and Mathieu Rousselin

  7. The global dialectics of a pandemic: Between necropolitics and utopian imagination
  8. Nadja Meisterhans

  9. The rules-based world order and the notion of legitimacy crisis: Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on foreign aid
  10. Viktor Jakupec

  11. Pandemic shock and recession: The adequacy of anti-crisis measures and the role of development assistance
  12. Leonid Grigoryev and Alexandra Morozkina

  13. COVAX, vaccine (inter)nationalism and the impact on the Global South experience of COVID-19
  14. Max Kelly and Mary Ana McGlasson

  15. Health emergency or economic crisis? Fail forward and de-risking opportunities in IMF COVID loans to Egypt
  16. Lama Tawakkol

  17. Institutional exhaustion and foreign aid in the time of COVID-19
  18. Michael de Percy

  19. The COVID-19 pandemic and its impact in sub-Saharan Africa: Geostrategic dynamics and challenges for development
  20. Matthias Rompel

  21. Economic and social prosperity in time of COVID-19 crisis in the European Union
  22. Angeles Sánchez

  23. COVID-19 Impacts in Pacific Island Countries: Making an already bad situation worse
  24. Mark McGillivray

  25. COVID-19 vaccines and global health diplomacy: Canada and France compared
  26. Stephen Brown and Morgane Rosier

  27. Strong capacity and high trust: Perceptions of crisis management and increased nationalism among Chinese civil servants
  28. Qun Cui, Lisheng Dong, and Tom Christensen

  29. China’s inward- and outward-facing identities: Post-COVID challenges for China and the international rules-based order
  30. Yan Bennett

  31. Soft power and the politics of foreign aid: The case of Venezuela
  32. Anthea McCarthy-Jones

  33. Nationalist politics, anti-vaccination and the limits of the rules-based world order in an era of pandemics: The case of Tanzania
  34. Japhace Poncian

  35. COVID-19 crisis and the world (re-)order

Max Kelly, Viktor Jakupec, and Michael de Percy



Viktor Jakupec is an Honorary Professor at Deakin University and the University of Potsdam. He is an international development aid consultant and a member of the Leibniz Sozietät der Wissenschaften, Berlin.

Max Kelly is Associate Professor of International and Community Development, and Research Associate at the Centre for Humanitarian Leadership, Deakin University.

Michael de Percy is a Senior Lecturer in Political Science at the University of Canberra. He was appointed to the Australian Research Council’s College of Experts in 2022.


"This edited collection provides an in-depth discussion and analysis of the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on foreign aid within a context of the rules-based world order and the geo-political health crisis. In this volume, various political, social, and economic aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic are examined from diverse geo-political vantage points. This highly ground-breaking and timely volume is worthy to be read by scholars, policymakers, practitioners, and students in the fields of geopolitics, political economy, rules-based world order, and foreign aid."

Prof. Dr. Christa Luft, Rector (i.R.) University of Economics, Berlin, Germany

"Financial crises, pandemics, climate change, the growing risk of a nuclear conflagration, the growing assertiveness of China and Russia, and the new Cold War are accelerating the decline of the West’s confidence on the world stage. This will see traditional foreign aid and the model of global development that characterised the past 70 years disappear. To understand how this is happening, and how the foreign aid-global development nexus will unfold in coming years, this book is indispensable reading."

Prof. Dr. Wim NaudéUniversity College Cork, Ireland

"Global cooperation is seriously challenged when it is needed more than ever. This book considers the problem from all angles in a well-balanced intersecting manner. The deeply thought-provoking exploration is worth immersing oneself in."

Dr. Tetsushi SonobeDean and CEO, Asian Development Bank Institute

My chapter details:

Institutional exhaustion and foreign aid in the time of COVID-19

ByMichael de Percy


The multilateral rules-based world order was already under threat from the rise of populism, China, and instability in US politics before the COVID-19 pandemic disrupted global diplomacy and brought about far-reaching economic crises. In response, nation-states have adapted to emerging nationalism amid the US–China trade war. Such multifaceted disruption forced nation-states to re-evaluate their traditional foreign aid partnerships, resulting in a weakened commitment to existing multilateral institutions. Such institutional exhaustion provided opportunities for China and Russia to challenge the existing rules-based world order through foreign aid. The result has been a parallel, albeit novel, world order for developing nations, resembling a competing form of neo-Cold War diplomacy. The foreign relations strategies of the US under Biden have resulted in a fragile balance of competition and cooperation between the major global powers, supported by the UK and Australian leadership and the strategic interests of other countries. This chapter examines foreign aid amid changing patterns of geopolitics in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and multilateral institutional exhaustion. It focuses on the shift in global geopolitics towards a new multipolarity that threatens to undo the much-lauded success of global capitalism and the rules-based world order upon which such success is presupposed.